What is Hypoxic-ischemia

What is Hypoxic-ischemia

Hypoxic- ischemia is a lack of oxygen and/or blood flow getting to your baby from the placenta during the birthing process. Sometimes this is also referred to as asphyxia or birth asphyxia. This can affect all of your baby’s organs: the lungs, liver, heart, kidneys, and particularly the brain. Your baby may be displaying symptoms which may include: being hyper-alert, irritable, eye rolling, or have abnormal movements (fits); or your baby may have a reduced level of awareness: together these symptoms are known as hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). 

It is not always possible to know what causes HIE, but we do know that the lack of oxygen to the baby can lead to brain injury. This injury may be mild, moderate or severe and some babies may not survive. Many babies survive but some may go on to develop disabilities, again which may be mild, moderate or severe, while others will recover without any lasting effects (particularly those who had a mild injury).